In previous years, most schools required 3 years of math for graduation. These days, most school districts in most states require a student study math for four years. There are several different math courses for a student to choose from according to their comfort and success with math. If your student is college bound, they will want to take the most difficult courses. Typical math courses for high schools students include:
General mathematics (also called math 1) is for students who don’t intend to go to college teaches subjects like ratio, proportion, measurement, budgeting, insurance, taxation, elementary algebra, informal geometry and more.
Algebra 1 is for the college bound ninth grader, and even for advanced 8th grade students. Topics included in Algebra 1 are Absolute value, equations, probability and more.
10th Grade Mathematics (also called math 2) and Geometry is essentially the same thing. This subject teaches terms, theorems, angles, lines, triangle, Pythagorean Theorem, circles, logic, and more.
General math 3 is a watered down or more basic version of Algebra 2. A student will learn logic, mathematical systems, algebra and polynomials, coordinate geometry, introduction tot trigonometry and more.
Algebra II can follow Algebra 1 or Geometry. Algebra 1 however is a prerequisite of Algebra 2. It can be taken in the 10th or 11th grade. It teaches Relations and functions, Square roots, radicals, rational roots, logarithms, and more.
Trigonometry is similar to Algebra 2 and must be taken after Algebra 1. It is typically for 10th or 11the graders. Some of the topics in Trigonometry are solutions or right triangles, measurement of angles, concept of a limit, graphs and functions, logarithms, and more.
Calculus is a subject typically taken by seniors who are college bound. Subjects taught are Derivative of a function, Logarithmic and trigonometric functions, indeterminate terms, Integrals, and more.
Advanced Algebra is another option for seniors. Topics taught are Sets of numbers, Binomial theorem, Progressions, Complex numbers, Theory of equations, Permutations, and more.
Probability and Statistics is also an option for seniors. It teaches Tabular data, Graphs, Measures of central tendency, Quartiles and percentiles and more.
You will not have a problem finding textbooks to teach these subjects at home. There are numerous high school curriculums such as lifepacs, teaching textbooks, SAT prep books, and old-fashioned textbooks that you can use to teach high school math.